The word Chakra (Sanskrit: चक्र, Pali : Cakka, Tamil: chakra) derives from the Sanskrit word meaning wheel, cycle and circle. Many people like to describe a chakra as a spinning wheel of light. These circles are energy centers in the body through which energy flows. Of the 88,000 chakras within the human body, 7 are considered of main importance and are referred to as the "major chakras".

In yogic literature of Buddhist and Hindu traditions, which can date back thousands of years, a chakra is an energy center in the subtle body. Each chakra vibrates at a different frequency. The first chakra for example, the Root chakra vibrates at a slower and more dense vibration, where the seventh chakra, the Crown chakra vibrates at a faster more refined vibration. 

Chakras respond to both psychic and physiological functions. They are directly linked to mental, physical, and spiritual attributes. Chakras are affected by sounds, colors, scents, foods, movements, crystals and more. By understanding what each chakra represents, how they work and what you could do to keep the energy flowing freely, you can achieve an optimal quality of life.


The 7 Major Chakras



Muladhara is located at the base of the spine in the coccyx region. Responsible for the fight-or-flight response when survival is under threat. This chakra draws energy from the earth's core. Muladhara is related to instinct, security, survival. Connected with sense of smell and grounding, Root chakra is the center of discipline, responsibility, attention to details and order. The Muladhara symbol has four petals, each petal bears one of the following Sanskrit letters: Sa, Sha, Scha & Va, in the center is Lam.


Sanskrit: मूलाधार – Mūlādhāra

English: mula – root, adhara – support

Color: Red

Hindu/Vedic Mantra: LAM

Music Note: “C” - { Do }

Mudra: Gula

Location: Base of spine, on perineum

Element: Earth

Yoga: Tree Pose

Pourpose: Survival, Security & Stability

Sense: Smell

Crystal: Red Jasper, Garnet, Ruby, Hematite & Black Tourmaline

Scents: Patchouli, Vetiver, Sandalwood & Cedarwood

Physical Body: Adrenal Glands

Call to action: To Be

Zodiac: ♑ Capricorn,  ♈ Aries,  ♉ Taurus &  ♏ Scorpio

Planet:  ♂ Mars,  ♄ Saturn & ♇ Pluto




Sanskrit: स्वाधिष्ठान – Svādhiṣṭhāna

English: sva – self, sthana – dwelling place

Color: Orange

Hindu/Vedic Mantra: VAM

Music Note: “D” - { Re }

Mudra: Anat

Location: Below the navel, in the lower abdomen

Element: Water

Yoga: Goddess Pose

Purpose: Emotions, Pleasure & Sexuality

Sense: Taste

Crystal: Carnelian, Topaz & Moonstone

Scents: Ylang Ylang, Neroli, Rosemary & Jasmine

Physical Body: Ovaries, Testes, Lymphatic System, Kidney & Bladder

Call to action: To Feel

Zodiac: ♋ Cancer, ♎ Libra, ♏ Scorpio

Planet: ♀Venus, ♇ Pluto

Svadhishthana chakra is located in the sacrum and is considered to correspond to the testes or the ovaries that produce the various sex hormones involved in the reproductive cycle. A healthy Sacral Chakra is important to maintain quality relationships and individual well being. Physically, Svadhishthana governs reproduction, mentally it governs creativity, emotionally it governs joy, and spiritually it governs enthusiasm. The Svadhishthana symbol has six petals, each petal bears one of the following Sanskrit letters: La, Ra, Ya, Ma, Bha & Ba, in the center is Vam.



Sanskrit: मणिपूर – Maṇipūra

English: mani – gem/jewel , pura/puri – city

Color: Yellow

Hindu/Vedic Mantra: RAM

Music Note: “E” - { Mi }

Mudra: Tanit

Location: Above the navel, Adrenal

Element: Fire

Yoga: Boat Pose

Purpose: Self-Esteem, Vitality & Direction

Sense: Vision

Crystal: Citrine, Calcite, Sunstone, Tiger's Eye

Scents: Cinnamon, Peppermint, Bergamot, Juniper

Physical Body: Spleen, Liver, Respiratory System & Digestive System

Call to action: To Act

Zodiac: ♌ Leo, ♍ Virgo, ♐ Sagittarius

Planet: ☿ Mercury, ♂ Mars, ♃ Jupiter

Manipura is related to the metabolic and digestive systems. Manipura is believed to correspond to Islets of Langerhans, which are groups of cells in the pancreas, as well as the outer adrenal glands and the adrenal cortex. These play a valuable role in digestion, the conversion of food matter into energy for the body. Physically, Manipura governs digestion, mentally it governs personal power, emotionally it governs expansiveness, and spiritually, all matters of growth. The Manipura symbol has ten petals, each petal bears one of the following Sanskrit letters: Tha, Ta, Na, Dha, Da, Tha, Ta, Na, Dha & Da, in the center is Ram.



Sanskrit: अनाहत – Anāhata

English: anahata – unstruck, unbeaten, unhurt

Color: Green & Pink

Hindu/Vedic Mantra: YAM

Music Note: “F” - { Fa }

Mudra: Hridaya

Location: Center of Chest, Heart, Thymus

Element: Air

Yoga: Camel Pose

Purpose: Love, Relationship & Compassion

Sense: Touch

Crystal: Rose Quartz, Green Aventurine, Rhondonite, Amazonite

Scents: Lemon, Rose

Physical Body: Heart, Immune System, Skin & Lungs

Call to action: To Love

Zodiac: ♌ Leo, ♎ Libra, ♐ Sagittarius

Planet: ☀ Sun, ♀ Venus, ♄ Saturn

Anahata is related to the thymus, located in the chest. The thymus is an element of the immune system as well as being part of the endocrine system. It is the site of maturation of the T cells responsible for fending off disease and may be adversely affected by stress. Physically Anahata governs circulation, emotionally it governs unconditional love for the self and others, mentally it governs passion, and spiritually it governs devotion. Anahata is the center of love, courage, joy and forgiveness. The Anahata symbol is a peaked circle around a six-pointed star.



Sanskrit: विशुद्ध – Viśhuddha

English: viśuddha – specially pure

Color: Blue

Hindu/Vedic Mantra: HAM

Music Note: “G” - { Sol }

Mudra: Neith

Location: Throat, Thyroid & Parathyroid

Element: Ether

Yoga: Supported Shoulderstand

Purpose: Communication, Expression & Thruthfulness

Sense: Hearing

Crystal: Blue Lace Agate, Sodalite, Aquamarine, Sapphire

Scents: Eucalyptus

Physical Body: Communication, Self-discipline & Expression

Call to action: To Speak

Zodiac: ♒ Aquarius, ♉ Taurus, ♊ Gemini

Planet: ☿ Mercury, ♂ Mars, ♀ Venus, ♅ Uranus

Vishuddha is understood as relating to communication and growth through expression. This chakra is paralleled to the thyroid, a gland that is also in the throat and which produces thyroid hormone, responsible for growth and maturation. Physically, Vishuddha governs communication, emotionally it governs independence, mentally it governs fluent thought, and spiritually, it also governs a sense of security Center of power, confidence, self-esteem, growth, truth and expression. The Vishuddha symbol is inspired by the moon, purity, and cosmic sound and is surrounded by lotus petals.



Sanskrit: आज्ञा – Ājñā

English: anja – command

Color: Indigo

Hindu/Vedic Mantra: AUM

Music Note: “A” - { La }

Mudra: Psyche | Kalesvara

Location: Between the eyes, Pituitary

Element: Light & Space

Yoga: Easy Pose

Purpose: Intuition, Perception & Imagination

Sense: Intuition

Crystal: Lapis Lazuli

Scents: Lavender, Geranium, Sage

Physical Body:  Brain, Nervous System, Sinuses & Pituitary

Call to action: To See

Zodiac: ♒ Aquarius, ♓ Pisces, ♐ Sagittarius

Planet: ☿ Mercury, ♃ Jupiter, ♅ Uranus, ♆ Neptune

Ajna is known as the third eye chakra and is linked to the pineal gland which may inform a model of its envisioning. The pineal gland is a light sensitive gland that produces the hormone melatonin which regulates sleep and waking up, it is also the place where the production site of the psychedelic dimethyltryptamine take place, the only known hallucinogen endogenous to the human body. Mentally, Ajna deals with visual consciousness. Emotionally, Ajna deals with clarity on an intuitive level. This is the center of focus, wisdom, contraption, clarity and perception. The Anja symbol has an upside down triangle that serves a dual purpose in its symbolism. The cone-shaped geometric figure is representative of the channeling of information to the seed (or point of the triangle) from which wisdom blossoms. Similarly, if you look at the triangle from the other direction, the widening sides are indicative of the growth of one’s wisdom that leads to enlightenment.



Sanskrit: सहस्रार – Sahasrāra

English: shasrara – thousands fold/petaled

Color: Violet

Hindu/Vedic Mantra: ANG

Music Note: “B” - { Ti }

Mudra: Mahamayuri

Location: At the top of the head, Pineal

Element: Cosmos

Yoga: Savasana

Purpose: Spirituality, Awareness & Inteligence

Sense: Transcendence

Crystal: Amethyst, Selenite, Diamond & Moldavite

Scents: Cedarwood, Frankincense & Lotus

Physical Body: Central Nervous, Muscular, Skeletal System

Call to action: To Know

Zodiac: ♓ Pisces, ♑ Capricorn

Planet: ♄ Saturn, ♆ Neptune

Sahasrara is the state of pure consciousness, within which there is neither object nor subject. It is located either at the crown of the head, or above the crown of the head. Similar to the role of the pituitary gland, which secretes hormones to communicate to the rest of the endocrine system and also connects to the central nervous system via the hypothalamus. Sahasrara's inner aspect deals with the release of karma, physical action with meditation, mental action with universal consciousness and unity, and emotional action, This is the center of faith, devotion, trust and spontaneity. The Sahasrara symbol is depicted as a violet-colored 1,000-petaled lotus flower.